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Hallo dear friends,
The Friday – Blog welcomes you today with the 200th blog. And therefore also with a unique special feature.
In exactly 2 years, on 4 November 2022, the world will celebrate the 100th anniversary of the breathtaking discovery of an as yet unopened Egyptian royal tomb.
The name of the king: Tutankhamun.
As celebration issue number 200 of My- Friday- Blog and as the end of our small series on ancient Egypt, I am showing you today a lot of interesting informations about this young king.
Countless reports, exhibitions, films and pictures will be published later. There will be a new hype, maybe even new music and new fashion and the world will look enthusiastically to Egypt.
We are talking about a fabulous treasure.
But it is also about intrigue, lies, theft and genetic deformities.
It is about incest and the end of the 18th pharaonic dynasty.
Let yourself be inspired by the legendary treasure and let me inform you.
The most important questions are examined here.
You will certainly be surprised about a lot of new informations you didn’t know yet.
And when the hype starts in two years, you will know your way around
and you will be able to answer wisely if you are ever asked about it.
Here in the Friday Blog there are only facts, facts, facts.
A. Prior Informations
Marking of graves and mummies in the Valley of the Kings.
1. Each grave has a number and the mummy inside has the same number. If there are more, they will be named A, B, C and so on.
2. For example; in tomb KV 62 there was Tutankhamun. His two children in his tomb were called KV 62A and KV 62B.
3. But his wife was laid in tomb KV 21 and is named KV 21 A.
4. A dozen kings were buried in KV 35, including Tutankhamen’s great-grandfather Amenophis II and his grandfather Amenophis III and their wives.
5. On the basis of modern CT examinations, X-rays and genetic tests, detailed knowledge about the origin, medical histories, and genetic information of the ancient kings and pharaohs has been known since about 2005.
B. Who was Tutankhamen?
6. Tutankhamun was found in tomb KV 62
7. Tutankhamun dates from the 18th dynasty, who ruled from about 1332 to 1323 BC
8. Tutankhamun ascended the throne at the age of 4 years.
9. He died at the age of 19.
10. His father was Akhenaton, his stepmother was Nefertiti.
11. King Tut’s real mother was the sister of Akhenaten. Her name is not known.
12. Tutankhamun’s mother was therefore also his aunt.
13. She is known as the „Younger Lady“ from the Tomb KV 35, called KV35YL.
14. Tutankhamun had a genetic malformation, a clubfoot.
15. He was only depicted sitting or with a walking stick.
16. Tut’s left foot was severely degenerated and had necrotic spots. They must have been badly sore for a long time.
17. Tutankhamun had malaria desease several times. This could also explain his wounds.
18. Tutankhamun married his sister
19. Her name was Anchesenamun (originally Anchesenpaaton).
20. She was not buried in Tutankhamun’s tomb KV62, but with her mother in tomb KV21.
21. Therefore her name is KV 21A
22. Tutankhamen and Anchesenamun had 2 girls
23. Both were premature babies and died. Anchesenamun died when her second child was born.
24. Both foetuses were found in Tutankhamun’s tomb (box no. 317)
25. Their names were: foetus 1 (KV 62) and foetus 2 (KV 62), called Paatenhdj and Sitaten Tasherit
26. Tutankhamun and KV21A loved each other. She was very often depicted caressing.
27. Tutankhamun’s mummy had a severe head injury
28. This head injury was not the cause of his death, but consequence of mummification
29. His left knee had a significant injury. This had not healed by the time he died.
30. Tutankhamun must have died as a result of an accident.
31. Tutankhamun did not believe in Aton. His birth name, given by Akhenaton, he changed from Tutankhaton to Tutankhamun
32. After four years of his accession to the throne he already called himself Tutankhamun: This means: The living image of the god Amun.
33. His wife Anchesenpaaton also changed her name to Anchesenamun
C. King Tut’s family tree:
34. His great-grandparents were called Tutmosis IV (Yuya) KV 46 and Thuya (KV 46)
35. His grandparents were Amenotep III (KV 35) and Tiye, known as the Elder Lady from the Tomb KV 35 EL
36. His father was Amenotep IV (1352-1336 B.C.) Later he called himself Akhenaten or Echnaton.
37. Akhenaten was discovered in tomb KV 55 in the year 1907.
38. His identity was unknown for a long time. But modern CT scans identified him clearly as the father of Tutankhamun
39. Akhenaton suffered from Marfan syndrome, which gave him a particularly long face and fine limbs. He died early with about 35 years.
40. Tutankhamun’s real mother is known as „The Younger Lady“, Kiya in tomb KV35 (KV35 YL)
41. She was Akhenaten’s sister
42. With Nefertiti Akhenaton had 6 children, they were all girls. He tried to produce a son as his male successor. But after the attempts with his mother he married three of his daughters, but he only succeeded for a male son with one of his sisters; He called him Tutankhaton.
43. One of his daughters was Anchesenpaaton, who married Tutankhamun, after Akhenaton had died.
44. It is told, that she already had a daughter from her father, when she married King Tut, but this is not proven.
D. Who was Nefertiti?
45. Nefertiti was Tutankhamun’s stepmother
46. Nefertiti was a very strong personality. She was shown much larger than normal pictures of pharaoh women. She had many rights of a reign, which normally the wife of a pharaoh didn’t have.
47. Nefertiti and Akhenaton prayed exclusively to the god Aten and thus founded a new sun god religion.
48. They had a bright palace and temple built in Amarna especially for Aten, where they lived
49. Just have a look to my Blog about Nefertiti: https://mb-projekt.com/2020/12/04/the-queen-of-beauty/
E. Who was Aten?
50. In principle, Aten was the sun. It gave life and light and was worshipped as a god.
51. There were no other gods besides the sun. (Compare the 1st commandment of Mose)
52. Akhenaton and Nefertiti exerted such a strong influence with this new world view. Some assume that this was the origin of the 3 religions Islam, Judaism and Christianity of today.
F. Why is Tutankhamun called differently?
53. Of course, the young prince was named by his parents after the god Aten.
54. But Tutankhaton turned away from this religion and called himself Tutankhamun. In this way he showed his veneration for the previous Egyptian gods.
55. His wife, the daughter of Akhenaton, also changed her name in Anchesenamun.
56. To reject the religion of their parents was outrageous at that time. What was the reason for this?
G. Who were Tutankhamun‘s Children?
57. The two girls KV 62 Paatenhdj and Sitaten Tasherit came from the second generation of inbreeding.
58. Akhenaton, was already genetically damaged
59. Genetic errors are amplified in the next generation.
60. Survival was not possible for the little girls.
61. They were not settled with their mother, but with their father. And the wife was not settled with her husband either. What was the reason for this?
H. Who was Smenkhare?
62. After Tutankhamun’s death, a new pharaoh ruled Amarna.
63. But strangely enough, his identity is uncertain. There is no proof.
64. There are many indications that Nefertiti could be this pharaoh herself. This is not proven either.
65. After the death of Akhenaten, she was nowhere mentioned. She may have changed her name to Smenkhare
I. Who was Ay?
66. Ay was the direct successor of Tutankhamun, or the dubious Smenkhare.
67. He came from the army as leader and was therefore not related to the old pharaohs.
68. Much stronger than Ay was after a short time his successor Horemheb, also a soldier.
69. Horemheb destroyed all possible traces of the god Aten from Amarna, and also from Akhenaton and Nefertiti. But he was no pharaoh.
70. The first, real pharaoh of the 19th Dynasty was Ramses I
J. Who was Howard Carter?
71. Howard Carter was a British archaeologist (9.5.1874 – 2.3.1939)
72. Howard had no scientific training as an archaeologist
73. He came to archaeology as a draughtsman
74. Howard’s patron was Lord George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon
75. Carnavon had the excavation licences for the Valley of the Kings
76. Unsuccessful excavations threatened to be over, but Carter wanted to finance the further excavations himself.
77. So they met eachother in London and Carnavon decided to support the last excavation work for another season
78. Howard returned to the Valley of the Kings on November 1st 1922. Already on 4 November they made the sensational find.
K. Who was Hussein Abdul Rassoul?
79. Hussein Abdul Rassoul was a 12-year-old boy who brought tea and water to the men working in the sand hills.
80. On 4 November 1922 he dug a small hollow out by hand to be able to place the teapot correctly
81. He exposed a flat stone. The top step of the stairs leading to Tutankhamun’s tomb. So he was the real finder of king Tut’s tomb.
82. After the excavation of Tutankhamun’s tomb Howard gave Hussein this necklace which he wore on his famous photo.
83. Of course he was not allowed to keep it for long and so it’s now on display in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.
84. When Abdul turned 100 years old, he showed himself a photographer, holding his famous photo as a 12 years old boy.
85. This picture above was held up about 10 years ago by his 70-year-old son Mahmoud and shows a very delightend and honourable, hundred-year-old family history
L. No division with Egypt
86. On 28 February 1922 Egypt became independent from Britain
87. Before this time, grave finds, such as the bust of Nefertiti, could be divided 50:50 between Egypt and the licensees of the excavations.
88. But this was not possible any more since the independence. Egypt did not allow any more divisions.
89. Especially undamaged graves were 100% property of Egypt.
90. This was a problem for Howard.
91. Tutankhamen’s tomb was undamaged. This would leave the treasure diggers empty-handed.
92. Howard didn’t want to be that happened and immediately he stopped all further work and sent a telegram to Lord Carnavon.
M. Secrets about invented grave robbers
93. Lord Carnavon‘s daughter Evelyn was the first to arrive a few weeks later.
Of course she wanted to have a look at the grave and of course Howard showed it to her. In a letter she later was thankful for his guide tour into the inner sanctum … 🙂
Much of what happened afterwards turned out to be lies.
94. Howard reported that the grave had been visited by grave robbers before. This was not true although it is still taught today.
95. He wrote a long list of apparently missing pieces and a mysterious footprint.
Carter estimated, that about 60% of the jewellery originally contained in the treasure caskets had been stolen together with a whole series of precious metal vessels
96. But the footprint was his own. It’s interesting that none of these cases were left opened ….
97. The mess in the grave, so Carter told, was apparently caused by the earlier robbers.
98. So he therefore tried to prove that this was not an unopened grave. So he hoped he could own half of the treasure by the Egypt government.
99. But the Egyptians did not allow any discussion. They had everything carried to the museum in Cairo. There was nothing to be left for Carter.
100. Many pieces were indeed missing. But these later turned up in museums all over the world. So Carter must have succeeded in branching off some of the finds for himself before officials listings were published..
101. Lord Carnavon also came into possession of a golden ring from the tomb.
N. Who was Harry Burton?
102. Harry Burton was the photographer who took thousands of pictures at the site.
103. All these images are now managed by the Griffith Institute at the University of Oxford. And represent an incredible fascination.
104. Many pictures were coloured today
105. The Friday Blog cannot show all the pictures. So have a look for yourself at: http://www.griffith.ox.ac.uk/discoveringTut/burton5/burtoncolour.html
I am sure you will spend the next few hours on this page with the incredible pictures of Tutankhamun’s tomb.
It’s worth it.
I am happy to hand you over to the fascination of the Griffith Institute’s site-.
So now I say good bye to you … see you another time.
Please remain well-disposed towards me:
- Don‘t forget me.
- Praise me, leave me a Like,
- Leave me a comment
- Tell your friends
- Check the Friday Blog from time to time:
- Blog number 201 will be published soon.
Greetings from Martin